Community health nursing is a unique division of health care in that its focus is on populations rather than individuals. In this way, a nurse develops an awareness of health risks in her clients by assessing those of the community as a whole.
Family health nurses receive specialist education in order to help individuals and families cope with illness, chronic disability or times of stress. They spend a large part of their time working in patients’ homes and with patients’ families. Such nurses give advice on lifestyle and behavioral risk factors, and assist families with health matters. Through prompt detection, they can ensure early treatment of families’ health problems. With their knowledge of public health and social issues and other social agencies, they can identify the effects of socioeconomic factors on families’ health and refer them to the appropriate agency.